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*Viện Khoa học Lâm nghiệp Nam Trung Bộ và Tây Nguyên thuộc Viện Khoa học Lâm nghiệp Việt Nam*

Individual tree diameter growth modeling system for Dalat pine (Pinus dalatensis Ferré) of the upland mixed tropical forests

10.03.2021 -

Individual tree diameter growth modeling system for Dalat pine (Pinus dalatensis Ferré) of the upland mixed tropical forests

Bao Huy a,b, Le Canh Nam c,1, Krishna P. Poudel d, Hailemariam Temesgen e

a Consultancy for Forest Resources and Environment Management (frem), No. 06 Nguyen Hong, Buon Ma Thuot, Dak Lak, Viet Nam

b Visiting Scholar of Department of Forest Engineering, Resources and Management, Oregon State University (OSU), Corvallis, OR 97333, USA

c Department of Silviculture, Forest Science Institute of Central Highlands and South of Central Viet Nam, 09 Hung Vuong, Dalat, Lam Dong, Viet Nam

d Department of Forestry, Mississippi State University, PO Box 9681, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA

e Department of Forest Engineering, Resources and Management, Oregon State University (OSU), Corvallis, OR 97333, USA

Abstract

Pinus dalatensis Ferré (Dalat pine, or five-needle pine, locally) is an endemic large tree species of Vietnam that has both high timber and non-timber values. It is also a rare tree species listed in the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The objective of this study was to develop an individual tree diameter growth modeling system to facilitate the sustainable management and conservation of this species. We used Haglöf Sweden ® increment borers to collect tree ring samples from a total of 56 trees resulting in a dataset of 4566 diameter at breast height (dbh, cm) measurements at age (t, year) and obtained the associated ecological environmental factors in three different sites in the Central Highlands, Vietnam. A subset of this dataset (n = 1264) also had the climate data collected over the period of past 32–38 years (from 1980 to 2011 and from 1979 to 2016). Weighted mixed-effects models were used to model Dalat pine trees growth and account for autocorrelation and heteroscedasticity of the dbh measurements. Cross validation over 200 realizations were used to select the best equation form of dbh growth and incorporate the environmental effects and climatic factors that help improve reliability of the models. Under the mixed-effects modeling paradigm, the Mitscherlich equation fitted with random effects of ecological environmental factors (eco-subregions and altitude) and climatic factors (temperature, humidity, and temperature in dry and in rainy seasons) produced the best results. Whereas, under the fixed-effect modeling paradigm, the models that used the exponential function of environmental or climatic factors as the modifiers of an average diameter growth performed the best (Bias = −5.9% and RMSE = 10.0 cm). The models developed in this study will be useful for forecasting growth and for silvicultural planning under shifting environment and climate and are expected to contribute to the sustainable management of this endemic species.

Keywords: Climatic factors, Dalat pine, Diameter growth, Environment factors, Mixed effects, Pinus dalatensis, Tree rings

Sources: Forest Ecology and Management 480 (2021) 118612

 

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